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Aux frontières du care, une approche socio-juridique de la contribution d’assistance de l’assurance-invalidité

Maëlle Meigniez & Katja Haunreiter, HETSL

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Bypassing the Nation State? How Swiss Cantonal Parliaments Deal with International Obligations. International Law and Subnational Parliaments (ILSP)

Evelyne Schmid & Martino Maggetti, University of Lausanne

  • Name: Mechanisms of superior face recognition
  • Project leaders: Evelyne Schmid & Martino Maggetti
  • Hosting institution: University of Lausanne
  • Source and type of funding: Swiss National Science Foundation (182148)
  • Duration: 2019-2023
  • Short description:
    Today, international law frequently requires legislation by domestic parliaments. Yet, a thorny problem that international law continues to face is precisely its limited ability to influence the behaviour of domestic legislators and the ‘relative impermeability of national systems to international legal imperatives’ (Cassese 2012, 188). Moreover, the expansion of international law and its shift away from regulating interstate relations towards a complex system of governance virtually concerning all societal domains has sparked opposition. Starting with the premise that ‘the future of international law is domestic’ (Slaughter and Burke-White, 2006), we claim that the challenges at the intersection of international obligations and domestic legal realities are particularly acute with respect to parliamentary processes located at the subnational level. Domestic legislatures, let alone subnational parliaments, have, however, been largely overlooked so far both internationally and in Switzerland and existing research has predominantly focused on courts rather than on domestic legislative actors. Although the literature recognises the importance of national and subnational legislative actors for the effectiveness of international law, when and how cantonal legislatures engage with international obligations has not yet been systematically studied. To fill this gap, we are building a research team of legal and political science researchers to answer two tightly connected questions. First, we want to find out through which formal and informal mechanisms cantonal parliaments and other actors involved in cantonal legislative processes engage with international obligations that require them to legislate and that are contained in two sets of international treaties: i) selected obligations related to the protection of human rights of particularly vulnerable individuals (such as Travellers, persons with disabilities, or undocumented minors) and ii) selected obligations from the bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU. These two groups of obligations are chosen to explore the impact of issue-specific factors, such as the degree of legal and de facto autonomy of the subnational level, which is assumed to be perceived as quite high for the former and relatively low for the latter. Second, we would like to know when and how cantonal parliaments engage the most and explain variations in the patterns of engagement and eventually implementation of international law. In this context, a special attention will be given to parliamentary structures and mechanisms in Swiss cantons that potentially support cantonal legislative actors to recognise, influence, defy or fulfil international obligations, such as proposals and messages by the cantonal and federal executives, the set-up of the secretariat, parliamentary committees, consultation procedures, the solicitation by federal agencies of cantonal information for the reporting to international supervisory organs or the practice of intercantonal conventions and conferences. We will base our analysis on an examination of the status quo and on an empirical comparative cross-case study in selected cantons to allow for sufficient variation in the variables of interest while enabling cross-case comparability. We will combine doctrinal and socio-legal research and empirical political science research to tackle the four research modules needed to achieve our research objectives. By focusing on Switzerland as a crucial case, this research has fundamental and wider implications for the study the domestic implications of international law, parliamentarism and for the scholarship on the ‘denationalisation’ of the nation-state. Notably, our analysis will provide a nuanced conceptual and empirical basis for discussing the complex relationship between international law and the Swiss legal and political system. It will also enlighten and qualify the debate about either a near complete loss of discretion of the subnational legislator or, vice versa, arguments about a lack of influence of international law on subnational lawmaking processes.
  • Link: https://wp.unil.ch/ilsp/






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Contraindre pour protéger ? Normes et décisions dans la protection des mineurs à l’ère des droits de l’enfant (années 1960-années 2010)

Arnaud Frauenfelder, HES-SO Genève et Université de Genève

  • Name: Contraindre pour protéger ? Normes et décisions dans la protection des mineurs à l’ère des droits de l’enfant (années 1960-années 2010)
  • Project leader: Arnaud Frauenfelder
  • Hosting institutions: Haute école de travail social / HES-SO Genève et Université de Genève
  • Funding: PNR76 (FNS)
  • Duration: 42 months
  • Short description: Cette recherche sociohistorique éclaire, sur la base d’une approche transversale (décisions administratives, judiciaires civiles et pénales), les transformations des modalités d’exercice de la contrainte étatique à des fins de protection des mineurs en Suisse romande depuis les années 1960 à nos jours.L’analyse privilégie deux axes : les transformations des cadres normatifs (lois et normes prescriptives) relatifs à la protection des mineurs ; les processus décisionnels (signalements, évaluations, décisions) menant à la mise en place de mesures de protection sur la base d’une analyse des dossiers personnels, d’entretiens qualitatifs et d’observations ethnographiques. Deux cas d’étude contrastés – les cantons de Genève et du Valais – permettent de discuter nos hypothèses de recherche quant aux effets différenciés de l’implémentation des politiques de protection des mineurs durant les cinquante dernières années.
  • Contact person: Frauenfelder Arnaud






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Corporate responsibility for climate change

Marta Zamorska, University of Lausanne

  • Name: Corporate responsibility for climate change
  • Project leader: Marta Zamorska
  • Hosting institution: University of Lausanne
  • Source and type of funding:
  • Duration: 09.2019-09.2024
  • Short description of the research project: My PhD thesis evolves around the research question of the responsibility of corporations for the climate change damages that they have caused.
  • Contact person or link: 






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Enfants placés en famille d’accueil – nouvelle génération : comparaison des structures cantonales

Stefan Schnurr, Annamaria Colombo, Béatrice Lambert & Angela Rein, École de travail social FHNW

  • Name: Enfants placés en famille d’accueil – nouvelle génération : comparaison des structures cantonales
  • Project leaders: Stefan Schnurr, Annamaria Colombo, Béatrice Lambert, Angela Rein
  • Hosting institution: École de travail social FHNW, Institut pour la protection de l’enfance et de la jeunesse
  • Funding: Fondation Palatin
  • Duration: 04.2021-12.2023
  • Short description: Le projet examine de manière comparative les systèmes de placement d’enfants en famille d’accueil dans les cantons suisses. Tout d’abord, les bases légales, les responsabilités en matière d’autorisation et de surveillance de l’accueil familial, les modèles financiers et les services de soutien aux enfants placés, aux parents d’accueil et aux parents d’origine sont décrits pour chaque canton. Ce sera la première fois qu’une vue d’ensemble des systèmes de placement en famille d’accueil en vigueur dans les 26 cantons suisses sera réalisée. Dans l’étape de recherche suivante, le projet analyse, sur la base d’une sélection de cantons représentatifs de ces systèmes de placement en famille d’accueil, comment les caractéristiques des systèmes cantonaux de placement d’enfants en famille d’accueil influencent les conditions de réussite des relations d’accueil. À cette fin, des focus groupes (entretiens de groupe) seront organisés avec des enfants placés, des parents d’accueil, des parents d’origine et des professionnel-le-s, et des documents et dossiers seront analysés. Cette deuxième étape de l’étude s’intéresse principalement aux questions de mise en œuvre et aux expériences et évaluations des personnes impliquées et concernées. L’objectif est d’identifier les facteurs de succès du placement en famille d’accueil. Quels sont les caractéristiques structurelles, les modèles d’organisation et les procédures qui ont fait leurs preuves et qui peuvent être utilisés pour le développement et l’amélioration durables des systèmes cantonaux d’accueil familial ? Des recommandations seront formulées sur la base des besoins et attentes d’amélioration des enfants placé-e-s, des parents d’accueil et des parents d’origine. Ce projet est complémentaire à deux autres projets, également financés par la Fondation Palatin dans le cadre du programme « Enfants placés, prochaine génération », portant respectivement sur la participation des enfants en famille d’accueil et le bon accompagnement des relations nourricières (voir https://pflegekinder-nextgeneration.ch/).
  • Contact persons: stefan.schnurr@fhnw.ch, annamaria.colombo@hefr.ch, beatrice.lambert@hefr.ch, angela.rein@fhnw.ch






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Governing Migration and Social Cohesion through Integration Requirements: A Socio-Legal Study on Civic Stratification in Switzerland

Christin Achermann & Stefanie Kurt, University of Neuchâtel & HES-SO Valais, travail social

  • Name: Governing Migration and Social Cohesion through Integration Requirements: A Socio-Legal Study on Civic Stratification in Switzerland
  • Project leaders: Christin Achermann & Stefanie Kurt
  • Hosting institutions: University of Neuchâtel & HES-SO Valais, travail social
  • Funding: SNSF / nccr-on the move
  • Duration: 11.2018-02-2023
  • Short description of the research project: This socio-legal project questions how and with what effects the notion of “integration” has become, in migration law, administrative and court practice, a decisive criterion based on which states select which migrants shall be granted or denied access to specific rights (e.g., right of abode, political rights, right to family reunification). This affects the way social cohesion is strived for and reveals how both in law and practice social cohesion is conceived of and who is considered to belong or not. Based on the analysis of legal texts, ethnographic data and documents our research contributes to understanding how state officials deal with different categories of mobile or sedentary foreign nationals (in terms of gender, class, ethnicity, religion, age, etc.) when deciding about the allocation or denial of rights based on the criterion of “being integrated”. The underlying rationales of policies and practices are to be interpreted within broader processes of social transformation, e.g., the rise of the human rights regime, of neoliberalism, and of a “culture of control”.
  • Link: https://nccr-onthemove.ch/projects/governing-migration-and-social-cohesion-through-integration-requirements-a-socio-legal-study-on-civic-stratification-in-switzerland/






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Intercepting with Interpreters

Nadja Capus, University of Neuchâtel






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International and Comparative SOGIESC Law

Andreas R. Ziegler, University of Lausanne

  • Name: International and Comparative SOGIESC Law
  • Project leader: Andreas R. Ziegler
  • Hosting institution: School of Law, University of Lausanne
  • Funding:
  • Duration:
  • Short description of the research project: This project is dedicated to the Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Expression, and Sex Characteristics (SOGIESC) Law Project, i.e. legal issues affecting sexual minorities, in particular LGBTI individuals. This field includes fields such as criminal law, human rights law, anti-discrimination law, and family law. Learn more about the human rights challenges facing lesbian, gay, bi, trans and intersex (LGBTI) people everywhere and the actions that can be taken to tackle violence and discrimination and protect the rights of LGBT people everywhere. These United Nations factsheets break down the problems and the solutions International On the international level, we have launched the International Academic Forum on SOGIESC Law. It is intended to involve scholars around the world interested in the field to exchange ideas and cooperate on research projects and provide anyone interested in the field with reliable and high-quality information.
  • Contact person: andreas.ziegler@unil.ch






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La citoyenneté politique comme dimension de la qualité de vie. Une enquête dans six EMS romands

Barbara Lucas & Lea Sgier, Hets Genève (HES-SO)

  • Name: La citoyenneté politique comme dimension de la qualité de vie. Une enquête dans six EMS romands
  • Project leaders: Barbara Lucas et Lea Sgier
  • Hosting institution: Hets Genève (HES-SO)
  • Funding: Fondation Leenaards
  • Duration: 2017-2021
  • Short description: Cette recherche s’intéresse aux droits poltiiques au sein des EMS de Suisse romande. L’enquête est composée de trois volets : une analyse juridique de la question des droits politiques des personnes âgées (institutionnalisées) ; une enquête par questionnaire dans l’ensemble des EMS de Suisse romande; et six études de cas dans des EMS dans différents cantons de Suisse romande menées à l’aide de méthodes ethnographiques et d’entretiens qualitatifs.
  • Link: https://www.hesge.ch/hets/recherche-developpement/projets-recherche/en-cours/citoyennete-politique-dimension-qualite-vie






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La non-demande aux droits et services de l’État social: une ethnographie de pratiques contestataires subalternes

Frédérique Leresche, Université de Genève

  • Name: La non-demande aux droits et services de l’État social: une ethnographie de pratiques contestataires subalternes
  • Project leader: Frédérique Leresche
  • Hosting institution: Université de Genève
  • Funding: LIVES, HES-SO
  • Duration: 01.2016-09.2022
  • Short description: Traditionnellement, les politiques sociales s’inscrivent dans le prolongement de la citoyenneté sociale qui vise à offrir à chacun·e la possibilité de participer à la vie démocratique de manière égale. Elles sont généralement pensées comme bénéfiques pour les destinataires et dans cette perspective il n’y a aucune raison pour que les publics potentiels les refusent. Pourtant, la recherche sur le non-recours a montré l’existence d’une non-demande. Elle concerne les personnes qui savent au moins en partie où et comment obtenir une prestation mais qui ne le font pas. Peu d’études ont porté sur cette dimension volontaire du non-recours. Cela est probablement dû au fait que les droits sociaux sont pensés comme nécessairement bons pour leurs destinataire. Le fait de très peu questionner la positivité du droit, dans sa dimension exclusive ou productrice de normes, indique le caractère hégémonique de la représentation de l’État social. Dans ce contexte, la non-demande est difficilement entendable mais elle aussi difficile à entendre car elle portée par des personnes en situation de subalternité, c’est à dire des personnes qui se trouvent dans l’impossibilité de pouvoir contrôler le travail, la production ou le capital. En partant du postulat que la non-demande peut être l’expression d’une critique du pouvoir symbolique et institutionnel de l’État, cette thèse explore les points de vue des personnes en situation pour comprendre en quoi, comment et pourquoi une partie des droits n’est pas réclamée. Elle s’appuie sur une enquête ethnographique par observations et entretiens menée entre 2016 et 2019. Elle montre que la non-demande n’est pas seulement ou pas toujours la conséquence d’un stigma ou d’un manque d’information, mais que les individus sont portés par des systèmes de valeurs et de normes qui leur permettent d’agir dans le monde, y compris dans des formes de protestation ordinaires et silencieuses. Elle montre aussi que la façon dont les personnes comprennent le droit définit l’usage qu’ils et elles en font. Elle met finalement au jour que les possibilités de refuser l’aide de l’État sont inégalement distribuées. Les mères de famille célibataires en particulier se retrouvent capturées par le droit dont elles ne peuvent se défaire ou alors au prix d’ajustements qui remettent en question les fondements même des politiques sociales.
  • Contact person: frederique.leresche@hefr.ch






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La réécriture de jugements par les marges

Djemila Carron, Université du Québec à Montréal & Nesa Zimmermann, Université de Neuchâtel

  • Name: La réécriture de jugements par les marges
  • Project leaders: Djemila Carron, Université du Québec à Montréal; Nesa Zimmermann, Université de Neuchâtel
  • Hosting institution: Université du Québec à Montréal, Université de Neuchâtel
  • Source and type of funding: CRSH
  • Duration: 2022-2024
  • Short description: Le projet « la réécriture de jugements par les marges » vise à établir un état des lieux et une analyse des divers projets de réécriture existants, en proposant un mapping et une typologie en fonction d’un certain nombre d’indicateurs choisis. Le projet approfondit trois axes principaux : potentiel différencié et limites des réécritures dans les pays de droit civil ; conceptions réalistes vs utopistes de la réécriture ; rôle et implication des personnes non-juristes dans des projets de réécriture. Un quatrième axe transversal s’intéresse aux réécritures queer et aux interactions entre approches queer du droit et projets de réécriture. D’une durée de deux ans (de 2022 à 2024), le projet est financé par le Conseil de recherches en sciences humaines du Canada (CRSH) et implique les chercheurexs suivantexs : Prof. dr. Djemila Carron, UQÀM, Prof. dr. Nesa Zimmermann, UNINE, Charlotte Hamel, UQÀM. Des personnes additionnelles sont en cours d’être recrutées.
  • Link: nesa.zimmermann@unine.ch






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Law in Protest: Transnational Struggles for Corporate Liability

Julia Eckert, University of Bern

  • Name: Law in Protest: Transnational Struggles for Corporate Liability
  • Project leader: Julia Eckert
  • Hosting institution: Institute for Social Anthropology, University of Bern
  • Source and type of funding: SNSF
  • Duration: 36 months
  • Short description:This research project addressed the issue of corporate responsibility in today’s entangled world order. Transnational corporations (TNCs) have become powerful players in the global world economy in recent years, and their actions have an increasing impact on the daily lives of people around the world. At the same time, TNCs are highly complex economic and legal entities that can often escape existing state regulation. When the subsidiaries of such TNCs violate human rights or cause environmental damage in the host states, i.e. in the countries where they operate, often no legal responsibility can be established. At the same time, the parent companies in the so-called home states are also evading any form of responsibility. Our research project focused on this form of corporate impunity and asked about the legal possibilities to overcome this.
  • Contact person: eckert@anthro.unibe.ch






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Le non-recours aux prestations sociales à Genève: Quelles adaptations de la protection sociale aux attentes des familles en situation de précarité?

Barbara Lucas & Catherine Ludwig, Hets Genève et Heds Genève

  • Name: Le non-recours aux prestations sociales à Genève: Quelles adaptations de la protection sociale aux attentes des familles en situation de précarité?
  • Project leaders: Barbara Lucas et Catherine Ludwig
  • Hosting institutions: Hets Genève; Heds Genève
  • Funding: HES-SO Genève, Ville de Genève, Hospice général, Caritas Genève, CSP Genève
  • Duration: 2016 – 2019
  • Short description: Cette recherche a porté sur le non-recours aux prestations sociales financières à Genève, et plus particulièrement sur le cas des familles en situation de précarité. L’objectif principal était de comprendre les rapports que les pères et/ou mères qui ne demandaient pas d’aide publique entretenaient avec les institutions, les prestations et les professionnels du social, en poursuivant notamment l’hypothèse d’un rapport genré à la protection sociale. Une des originalités de cette étude était de s’intéresser à la manière dont les personnes non-recourantes elles-mêmes évoquent leur situation. La recherche s’est basée sur une analyse documentaire des politiques d’aide aux familles à Genève, des entretiens avec des personnes non-recourantes et des professionnel-le-s ainsi que sur des focus groupes. Elle a été menée en partenariat avec la Haute école de santé de Genève.
  • Link: https://www.hesge.ch/hets/recherche-developpement/projets-recherche/en-cours/non-recours-aux-prestations-sociales-geneve






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Les jeunes face à la justice : analyse de la chaîne pénale à travers les expériences et trajectoires des justiciables.

Arnaud Frauenfelder, Haute école de travail social / HES-SO Genève

  • Name: Les jeunes face à la justice : analyse de la chaîne pénale à travers les expériences et trajectoires des justiciables.
  • Project leader: Frauenfelder Arnaud
  • Hosting institution(s): Haute école de travail social / HES-SO Genève
  • Source and type of funding:
  • Duration: 44 months
  • Short description: Ce projet a pour objectif de décrire et analyser les expériences et trajectoires de jeunes dans la justice pénale des mineurs en Suisse, en tenant compte de la diversité des dispositifs (privation de liberté et mesures de milieu ouvert) auxquels ces jeunes peuvent être confrontés. Sur la base d’entretiens biographiques réalisés avec une cohorte de 50 jeunes interviewés deux fois au cours de l’enquête, nous entendons mettre en lumière « ce que fait » la justice pénale aux jeunes qui y sont soumis, en tenant compte de la trajectoire socio-pénale de ces derniers. Ce projet entend proposer une compréhension fine et approfondie des effets tant souhaitables qu’inattendus, voire indésirables de la justice sur la vie des jeunes.
  • Contact person: Frauenfelder Arnaud






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Les limites du dicible en question. Sociologie des controverses publiques relatives à la loi antiraciste suisse

Matthieu Thomas, Université de Lausanne

  • Name: Les limites du dicible en question. Sociologie des controverses publiques relatives à la loi antiraciste suisse
  • Project leader: Matthieu Thomas
  • Hosting institution: Université de Lausanne
  • Funding: SNSF
  • Duration: 11.2020-10.2024
  • Short description of the research project: Ma thèse retrace le processus de confection de la norme pénale contre le racisme (art. 261bis CP) en analysant les mobilisations, les débats publics et le travail législatif dont elle a fait l’objet (1970-1995)
  • Contact person: matthieu.thomas@unil.ch






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Like Cases Alike or Asylum Lottery? Judicial Preference Variation on the Swiss Federal Administrative Court, 2007-2015

Judith Spirig, University of Zurich






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Love at registry office

Anne Lavanchy, HES-SO

  • Name: Love at registry office
  • Project leader: Anne Lavanchy
  • Hosting institution: HES SO
  • Funding: SNSF
  • Duration: 4 years 2010-2014






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Mechanisms of superior face recognition

Meike Ramon, University of Lausanne

  • Name: Mechanisms of superior face recognition
  • Project leader: Asst.-Prof. Dr. Meike Ramon
  • Hosting institution: University of Lausanne (previously University of Fribourg)
  • Source and type of funding: SNSF PRIMA (Promoting Women in Academia) Grant
  • Duration: 5 years (03/2019-present)
  • Short description: The scientific domain of face processing is a vibrant, interdisciplinary, and growing field of research that continues to offer novel insights into the functioning of the human brain, as well as generate novel, intriguing questions and implications for practical applications. Currently, we have a wealth of knowledge at our disposal regarding normal face-processing abilities for unfamiliar faces. However, there appears to be a consensus that face processing abilities lie on a continuum, and our firm grasp on the abilities of individuals in the middle “normal” part of that continuum stands in contrast to our limited understanding of the mechanisms associated with both inferior and superior face processing abilities at either extreme of that continuum.This project addresses a novel research area by systematically investigating the mechanisms underlying superior face processing as displayed by so-called “Super-Recognizers” (SRs). Superior face processing is an infant research field with extremely limited, and moreover highly heterogeneous empirical findings, that is nonetheless receiving widespread and increasing public interest. This status quo represents challenges and opportunities alike. Increased interest in this field will facilitate research that will also advance our current knowledge of face processing and human vision. However, transfer to applied settings is in demand now, despite the limited knowledge currently available.This project seeks to bridge the gap between the lab and the real-world to substantially advance our understanding of superior face processing. Collaborations with international law enforcement agencies will enable SR identification based on systematically validated tests used for research purposes. This sample will be complemented with SRs identified under professionally relevant scenarios, with a bespoke assessment tool currently developed for the Criminal Investigation Department of the Berlin Police. Both groups will complete in-depth assessment implemented using portable setups that “bring the lab to the participant’.Characterizing the brain-behavior relationship in SRs, this project seeks to enhance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying superior face processing capacities. Given its implications for theories of human cognition, law enforcement, and automatic face recognition, the findings of this project have fundamental scientific, as well as applied value.
  • Link: https://afclab.org/






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Mediating Belonging in Switzerland: Citizenship, « Integration », and Belonging Among Labor Migrants and Refugees from Yugosalvia

Sandra King-Savic, University St. Gallen

  • Name: Mediating Belonging in Switzerland: Citizenship, « Integration », and Belonging Among Labor Migrants and Refugees from Yugosalvia
  • Project leader: Sandra King-Savic
  • Hosting institution: University St. Gallen
  • Funding: International PostDoctoral Fellow / Researcher SSHSS
  • Duration: 2019 – present
  • Short description: How do Yugoslav labor migrants and refugees define and negotiate “integration”? Although labor migrants and refugees arrived in Switzerland from the same sending region, these are very distinct groups: labor migrants came voluntarily mainly between the 1960s and 70s, whereas refugees were expelled from their homes during the 1990s. My project examines how labor migrants and refugees from the same sending state position themselves within narratives of “integration” in Switzerland. Crucially, I investigate integration from the perspective of the circumstances under which migrants come to Switzerland. By emphasizing the rationale of migration as a point of departure, I will demonstrate that contextual categories that led to migration affect and influence perceived inclusion in the receiving state, as opposed to ethnic and/or confessional affiliation, respectively. Based on Richard Alba, Nancy Foner, and Roxane Silberman, my research builds on, and expands scholarship on the de-racialization and de-ethnicization of migrants.
  • Contact person or link:






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Pathways from Injury: Naming, proving, Interpreting

Julia Eckert, University of Bern

  • Name: Pathways from Injury: Naming, proving, Interpreting
  • Project leader: Julia Eckert
  • Hosting institution: Institute for Social Anthropology, University of Bern
  • Funding: SNSF
  • Duration: 48 months
  • Short description of the research project: Over the past decade, there has been increasing controversy in India over the social meaning of hate crime laws. Targeted attacks against Dalits (former untouchables) and Muslims have escalated under the current BJP government, which pursues a policy of majoritarian Hindu nationalism rooted in traditional caste hierarchies. While India’s Prevention of Atrocities Act (PoA) of 1989, which criminalizes discriminatory acts against Dalits and indigenous groups, provides a legal safeguard against hate crimes, religious minority groups such as Muslims lack specific legal protections. This project represents the first systematic attempt to shift debates about the social and political impact of hate crime legislation into a postcolonial context, and to analyze whether and how hate crime legislation is suited to address contemporary violence and the history of structural violence and inequality in which it is grounded. By comparatively analyzing how hate crime laws shape the lives of historically marginalized communities that fall under their protection and those that do not, the project makes an innovative and important analytical contribution into the legal and social dynamics that unfold when hate is legally addressed in a majoritarian political landscape, such as that of India. It is one of the first studies to trace how legal arguments around discrimination, violence, and identity, as well as legal evidentiary procedures in trials involving allegations of hate and discrimination, are shaped by hate crime laws. The project uses an analytical feedback loop to trace how identity-based violence is named, proven, judicially interpreted, and subsequently re-named. In doing so, it provides exceptional insight into the social and political lifecycle of hate crime litigation in particular and legal processes in general. The project will contribute to debates about the socially transformative potential of legal anti-discrimination measures as well as the limits of hate crime laws to counteract experiences and social practices of prejudice and hate.
  • Contact person: eckert@anthro.unibe.ch






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Rechtsbewusstsein und Rechtsmobilisierung wohnungsloser Personen in der Schweiz und in Deutschland

Tobias Eule, Universität Bern

  • Name: Rechtsbewusstsein und Rechtsmobilisierung wohnungsloser Personen in der Schweiz und in Deutschland
  • Project leader: Tobias Eule
  • Hosting institution(s): Institut für öffentliches Recht, Universität Bern
  • Funding: SNSF
  • Duration: 01.02.2021 -31.01.2025
  • Short description: Dieses Forschungsprojekt untersucht, welche Bedeutung Recht für wohnungslose Menschen zur Bewältigung ihrer Lebenslage hat und inwieweit sie rechtliche Instrumente wie Antragstellungen, Rechtsschutz etc. als Möglichkeit der Bewältigung nutzen. Das Vorhaben fragt nach Möglichkeiten der Mobilisierung und Realisierung von Recht, nach dem Rechtsbewusstsein und den Erwartungen an das Recht von wohnungslosen Menschen. Das Forschungsprojekt baut dabei auf bisherige Studien auf, die wichtige Ergebnisse über das Ausmass von Wohnungsnot einerseits und Hinweise auf mögliche wirksame Lösungen andererseits liefern. Viele dieser Studien betonen, wie wichtig aktuelle Forschungen zur Perspektive von Betroffenen wären, die sowohl die Ursachen von Wohnungsnot als auch die Handlungsstrategien der Betroffene genauer untersuchen. Mit seinem qualitativen, rechtssoziologischen Ansatz verspricht das geplante Projekt die Datenlage zu verbessern und das Thema Wohnungsnot auch theoretisch zu organisieren und zu konzeptualisieren und dabei die Konzepte Rechtsbewusstsein und Rechtsmobilisierung gerade im deutschsprachigen Raum weiterentwickeln.
  • Contact persons: anna.wyss@oefre.unibe.ch; katharina.winkler@oefre.unibe.ch






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Regulating structural injustice in the digital space

Kebene Wodajo, University of St.Gallen

  • Name: Regulating structural injustice in the digital space
  • Project leader: Kebene Wodajo
  • Hosting institution: University of St.Gallen
  • Source and type of funding: GFF – International Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Duration (month and year of project beginning and end): January 2021 – December 2023
  • Short description of the research project:
  • Contact person: Kebene Wodajo






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Revamping Anticorruption Criminal Law – Strategies and Consequences: New approach to anti-corruption criminal law

Nadja Capus, University of Neuchâtel

  • Name: Revamping Anticorruption Criminal Law – Strategies and Consequences: New approach to anti-corruption criminal law
  • Project leader: Nadja Capus
  • Hosting institution: University of Neuchâtel
  • Source and type of funding: European Research Council (project number 864498)
  • Duration: 2020-2025
  • Short description: Transnational corporate corruption represents a rising criminal activity and a severe challenge for law enforcement prosecutors. Since 2000, anti-corruption norms have been increasing, leading to multi-jurisdictional criminal procedures due to the revamping of substantive criminal law, procedural criminal law and mutual legal assistance in criminal matters. Within this framework, a hybrid model of corporate criminal justice has emerged, leading to a non-transparent and exclusive form of conducting criminal justice. The EU-funded RevACLaw project aspires to provide an inclusive conceptual scheme for the study of revamping strategies leading to the hybrid corporate criminal justice model and assess the impacts of such a model. The project will focus on France, Switzerland, the UK and the USA, using an innovative interdisciplinary method.
  • Link: https://www.unine.ch/crrc/en/home/recherche/projets-de-recherche/revaclaw.html






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The Increasing Weight of Regulation: The Role(s) of Law as a Public Health

Mélanie Levy, University of Neuchâtel

  • Name: The Increasing Weight of Regulation: The Role(s) of Law as a Public Health Tool in the Prevention State
  • Project leader: Prof. Mélanie Levy
  • Hosting institution: University of Neuchâtel
  • Funding: SNSF Eccellenza
  • Duration: 09/2020 to 08/2025
  • Short description: https://libra.unine.ch/Projets/Melanie_Levy_Mader/43087
  • Contact person: melanie.levy@unine.ch






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The Swiss Federal Jurisprudence on Shared Physical Custody Judges’ « voices » in federal court decisions

Laura Bernardi, University of Lausanne

  • Name: The Swiss Federal Jurisprudence on Shared Physical Custody Judges’ « voices » in federal court decisions
  • Project leader: Laura Bernardi
  • Hosting institution: LIVES-UNIL
  • Funding: SNSF
  • Duration: 5-9.2023
  • Short description: The research project studies the decisions by federal judges to instore shared physical custody (SPC) regimes, which are guided by the child’s wellbeing. It analyses the judges’ discretionary power with respect to eight guiding criteria1 towards the latter enumerated in Swiss federal jurisprudence, and gauges to what extent their interpretations are corroborated by social science research.
  • Contact person: laura.bernardi@unil.ch






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Trade Law 4.0: Trade Law for the Data-Driven Economy

Mira Burri, University of Lucerne

  • Name: Trade Law 4.0: Trade Law for the Data-Driven Economy
  • Project leader: Mira Burri
  • Hosting institution: University of Lucerne
  • Funding: European Research Council Consolidator Grant
  • Duration: 9/2021-08/2026
  • Short description: The project Trade Law 4.0: Trade Law for the Data-Driven Economy explores the role of global trade law in the broader area of data governance. Data has undoubtedly emerged as a critical topic in contemporary law and policy. On the one hand, because it is important to understand whether and how different societal areas have been affected by digital transformations, including disruptive phenomena like Big Data and Artificial Intelligence (AI), and, on the other hand, because governance toolkits, including legal rules, have failed to keep pace with the rapidly changing technological advancements and need to adapt to reflect these developments. Despite the urgency attached to both tasks and the intensified mobilization of policy and research efforts to address them, the topic of data-driven transformation has been explored in a fragmented manner. The domain of trade law has been particularly slow to react and adapt and we still lack a full understanding of the impact of digitization on the entire body of global trade rules. To put it plainly, despite living in times of industries 4.0, we have trade rules grounded at 1.0. The Trade Law 4.0 project addresses these gaps by conducting research in three interrelated fields that seek to: (1) enhance our understanding of the implications of digital disruption for trade law and vice versa, including through a thorough analysis of all existing trade rules that matter for data, as it flows across borders and is regulated domestically; (2) boost our toolkits for tackling the tensions inherent to the data-driven economy by mapping and analyzing all available mechanisms for reconciling economic and non-economic objectives, with a strong focus on data protection but including also other values, such as freedom of speech, that may be important for national constituencies; and (3) suggest design for trade law that can be sustainable in an environment of fluid technological change.
  • Link: https://www.unilu.ch/en/faculties/faculty-of-law/professorships/burri-mira/






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Vers une justice du consensus ? Hybridations entre travail social et droit en médiation pénale pour mineur-es

Géraldine Bugnon, HES-SO Genève

  • Name: Vers une justice du consensus ? Hybridations entre travail social et droit en médiation pénale pour mineur-es
  • Project leader: Géraldine Bugnon
  • Hosting institution: Haute école de travail social, HES-SO Genève
  • Funding: Commission scientifique du domaine Travail social
  • Duration: 05.2022-07.2023
  • Short description: Dans le champ de la justice des mineur.es, la médiation incarne un mode de régulation de conflit décrit comme « innovant », car permettant à la fois de responsabiliser le ou la mineur.e ayant commis l’infraction et d’apaiser les souffrances de la victime. En Suisse, si la médiation pénale pour mineur.es est codifiée dans la loi fédérale sur la procédure pénale applicable aux mineurs (2011), sa mise en œuvre varie en fonction des cantons. Ce projet a pour objectif d’étudier les formes d’hybridation entre travail social et droit dans les dispositifs romands de médiation pénale pour mineur.es à partir de trois études de cas (Fribourg, Genève et Valais). La mise en perspective de ces trois dispositifs cantonaux permettra d’analyser l’impact de deux dimensions sur la manière dont le processus de médiation est conduit : 1) la trajectoire de formation et professionnelle du/de la médiateur.trice (travail social ou droit) et 2) la configuration locale du dispositif de médiation et notamment les rapports entre médiateurs.trices et tribunaux pour mineurs (modèle étatisé ou libéral).
  • Contact person: geraldine.bugnon@unige.ch






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